VBOX 3iS

Posted in Sensors

Overview

VB3iS coming soonThe VBOX 3iS is a compact GNSS-aided Inertial Navigation System that also utilises wheel speed data from the vehicle’s CAN bus.

In areas with limited or no satellite signal (such as tunnels or test tracks surrounded by trees), the VBOX 3iS can fill in the gaps for prolonged periods of time – allowing you to continue testing without having to worry about erroneous data.

test plot 680

The VBOX 3iS connects to your data logger via Serial or CAN and offers highly accurate position, speed, acceleration and attitude data in almost any environment. It is therefore an extremely cost-effective solution for ADAS validation and autonomous vehicle testing, and can also be used for conducting performance, braking and benchmarking tests.

VB3iS angle frontFor ADAS applications, connecting to another VBOX 3i RTK device enables the VBOX 3iS to act as a moving target and with RTK enabled, is capable of achieving 2 cm accuracy.

In areas with poor satellite visibility, such as in car parks, tunnels and dense, urban environments, combining wheel speed information with the GNSS and inertial data makes a huge improvement to the accuracy of the estimated speed and position.

As seen in this video, we were able to achieve sub 50 cm accuracy throughout the car park.

Thanks to a 100 Hz multi-constellation GNSS engine and the tracking of both the GPS and GLONASS networks of satellites, the VBOX 3iS ensures the accuracy of the data being captured even in restricted sky view conditions.

In this situation, the VBOX 3iS removes the need to fit expensive external wheel speed sensors that are difficult to fit and vulnerable to damage, by using the existing CAN bus information from the vehicle. Thanks to our comprehensive Vehicle CAN database, this is quick and easy to do as you can simply download the CAN file for each vehicle you are testing.

Applications

Features

Features

  • Compact GNSS-aided inertial navigation system, with wheel sensor interface
  • Available with RTK for 2 cm positional accuracy when used with an RTK Base station / NTRIP modem
  • Helps fill GNSS gaps and maintains position and velocity measurements in areas with poor GNSS
  • Connects to your existing control system or data logger
  • Ideal for use in multi-vehicle, multi-target ADAS testing
  • High performance 100 Hz GPS and GLONASS receiver
  • Compatible with steering robots
  • Built-in OLED display for easy configuration and diagnostics

VB3iS inputs outputs

Mounting

As the VBOX 3iS has an internal IMU that is used for GNSS/IMU integration, the unit needs to be mounted securely to ensure optimum performance.

vb3is bracket

You can easily mount the VBOX 3iS inside a vehicle using our bespoke mounting kit. Consisting of a bracket (RLACS291) that simply attaches to the VBOX IMU mounting prop (RLACS212-V2), the solution fits many vehicle types without modification and can be installed and removed very quickly. We recommend that the VBOX 3iS is mounted vertically, towards the bottom of the pole.

Specs

GNSS Specifications


Absolute Positioning
  • Accuracy: 3 m (95 % CEP*)
  • Accuracy with SBAS DGNSS: <1.8 m (95 % CEP*)
  • Accuracy with RTCM DGNSS Base Station: 0.4 m (95 % CEP*)
  • Accuracy with RTK Base Station: 0.02 m (95 % CEP*)
  • Update rate: 100 Hz
  • Height accuracy: 6 m (95 % CEP*)
  • Height accuracy with DGNSS: 2 m (95 % CEP*)

 *Circle of Error Probable
  95% of the time the position readings will fall within a circle of the stated radius.

Velocity
  • Accuracy: 0.1 km/h
    (averaged over 4 samples)
  • Update rate: 100 Hz
  • Maximum velocity: 655 knots (1200 km/h)
  • Minimum velocity: 0.1 km/h
  • Resolution: 0.01 knots (0.0185 km/h)
  • Latency: 15.5 ms
Acceleration
  • Accuracy: 0.50 %
  • Maximum: 20 g
  • Resolution: 0.01 g
  • Update rate: 100 Hz
Distance
  • Accuracy: 0.05 % (<50 cm per km)
  • Update rate: 100 Hz
  • Resolution: 0.078 mm
Heading
  • Resolution: 0.01°
  • Update Rate: 100 Hz
Brake Stop Accuracy
  • Accuracy: ± 1.8 cm
    (based on <50 m brake stop distance)
Time
  • Resolution: 0.01 s
  • Accuracy: 30 ns
Roll & Pitch Angle Accuracy
  • Pitch Angle: 0.06° RMS
  • Roll Angle: 0.06° RMS
 

 

IMU Specifications

 Gyroscopes (Angular rate sensors)*
  • Dynamic range: ±450°/s
  • Nonlinearity: 0.01% FS
  • Resolution: 16 bit ADC (0.014°/s)
  • Bandwidth: 50 Hz
  • Noise density: 0.01 °/s/√Hz
  • Bias stability: ±0.003 °/s
  • Bias repeatability (1 year): 0.2 °/s
 Accelerometers*
  • Dynamic range: ±20 g
  • Nonlinearity: 0.1 % FS
  • Resolution: 16 bit ADC (0.15 mg )
  • Bandwidth: 50 Hz
  • Noise density: 60 µg/√Hz
  • Bias stability: 15 µg
  • Bias repeatability (1 year): 0.005 g
*Inertial measurement sensors are highly sensitive mechanical systems. Their performance and life span can be impacted by severe vibration or heavy knocks, and we can only guarantee the gyroscope and accelerometer specifications for a maximum of 2 years from the date of purchase.

Environmental and Physical

  • IP rating: IP 67
  • Operating Temperature: -20 to +70°C
  • Storage temperature: -40 to +85°C
  • Weight: approx. 480 g
  • Dimensions: 37.5 mm (h) x 98 mm (w) x 133.2 mm (l)

Download the full datasheet here.

Case Study

Improving GPS

Using the latest multi-frequency, multi-constellation GNSS receivers and integrating inertial and vehicle speed data is making up for the limitations of the test track

VB3iS Urban Areas

ABOVE: Multifrequency GNSS retains 2cm positional accuracy even in built-up urban areas

It can be exciting and also daunting working in an industry where technological progress seems to be increasing at an exponential rate. New techniques and faster ways of obtaining better results seem to be coming thick and fast. One such example of explosive growth is in global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), an area that we can no longer refer to as GPS, given that there are now four major constellations contributing to a more accurate and reliable navigation solution.

Galileo, the latest EU component in this infrastructure, has been a long time coming, but it looks like it was worth the wait. The Galileo program has benefited from improvements in satellite ranging techniques since GPS first came on the scene, with stronger, more robust signals improving reception and providing higher fidelity.

VB3iSRapid advancement in microprocessor power has enabled receivers to handle multiple constellations on several frequencies at high update rates, while processing inertial sensors and using vehicle wheel speed data. The key to the improved tracking and accuracy is not just down to the number and quality of the signals now present, but also to the availability of multiple frequencies.

All GNSS satellites now transmit on more than one frequency, enabling elimination of the errors caused by ionospheric effects (one of the major sources of positional error) by simultaneously processing at least two range measurements.

For the automotive test engineer, GNSS measurement of speed, position and acceleration has become an essential part of the process in assessing the performance of many aspects of a vehicle. Test tracks are rarely perfect places for satellite reception, with trees, bridges and tunnels all having an effect on the quality of the measured data.

When the tests are carried out on the road, this problem becomes even greater, with more objects obscuring the direct view to the satellites. However, this limitation is rapidly disappearing, brought about by using the latest multi-frequency, multi-constellation GNSS receivers and integrating inertial and vehicle speed data.

As an example of the extraordinary precision that can now be obtained in places where you would previously struggle to get any satellite lock at all, Racelogic carried out a test down a very narrow street, with buildings on either side and an overhanging roof. By using multiple frequencies on the GPS, GLONASS, Beidou and Galileo constellations, an astounding accuracy of 2cm (0.8in) was obtained without using any other sensors.

The vehicle path was so accurate that testers could clearly see on which side of the road the car was traveling, and the measured path follows almost the same line on both passes.

This accuracy was obtained through a combination of tracking up to 26 satellites and using two frequencies on each of the four constellations.

VB3iS East India Dock London Tunnel EntranceAn added advantage of using multi-frequency techniques is the time taken to recover centimeter-level accuracy after a bridge or tunnel is often less than two seconds. Furthermore, in areas where there is no view of the sky at all, such as in tunnels, inertial sensors and wheel speeds can fill in the gaps for periods of up to five minutes. Racelogic carried out a test in the 400m-long (1,312ft) East India Dock Tunnel in London.

VB3iS Comparing Data

The resulting data clearly showed the difference that the inertial and wheel speed data is making to the accuracy of the estimated trajectory, with the inertial measurement unit (IMU) doing a good job of estimating the position in the tunnel, ending up with a 15m (49ft) error at the end.

Adding the wheel speeds into the system considerably reduces the errors, tracking the vehicle through the tunnel with great accuracy.

The wheel speed information certainly makes a huge difference to the data when there is no visibility of satellites, so the question is, how do you obtain this data from the vehicle in the first place?

You could fit external wheel speed sensors to the vehicle, preferably one on either rear wheel, but they are expensive, difficult to fit and vulnerable to damage.

The best solution is to use the sensors already fitted to the vehicle by connecting to the CAN bus.

Over the past 20 years, Racelogic has built a comprehensive database of CAN protocols, enabling customers to connect directly to the vehicle’s bus and to use the wheel speed information, drastically improving the measurement accuracy in difficult conditions.

 

Racelogic’s new VB3iS product has the latest multi-constellation, multi-frequency GNSS engine, with an internal, high-grade IMU and the ability to use CAN wheel speed information. With all these tricks up its sleeve, the VB3iS achieves centimeter-level precision in environments previously off-limits to GPS-based systems. The VB3iS is designed for ADAS testing, steering robots and autonomous testing.

Tutorials

Tutorials

These tutorials are designed to introduce you to VBOX 3iS and guide you through the different functionalities and features.

VBOX 3iS Tutorial

VBOX 3iS Tutorial

VBOX 3iS Tutorial

VBOX 3iS Tutorial

VBOX 3iS Tutorial

VBOX 3iS Tutorial

VBOX 3iS Tutorial

VBOX 3iS Tutorial

VBOX 3iS Tutorial